The Parliament of Rwanda

Population 11,370,425 (est2011)
Seat of Parliament Kigali, Rwanda
Date of Independence July 1st, 1962
Constitution Promulgated on June 4, 2003
CPA Branch Formed Currently forming
Voting Age 18
First Parliament 25 Sep 1961
Local Information

Branch Profile Current constitution
4 June 2003, following approval by a Transitional National Assembly in April and by referendum in May.
Head of state and Executive
The head of state is a president, directly elected by universal adult suffrage for a term of seven years, renewable once only.
The president appoints the Council of Ministers, whose head is the prime minister.

The legislature, the Parliament (Inteko Ishinga Amategeko), is bicameral. The lower chamber, the Chamber of Deputies (Umutwe w'Abadepite), has 80 members, of whom 53 are directly elected, 24 are reserved for women members elected by the 12 provinces, two represent youth organizations and one represents disabled people's organizations. The term of office for all members is five years. The upper house, the Senate (Umutwe wa Sena), has 26 members indirectly elected for an eight-year term. Former heads of state can be additional members of the Senate.
Inteko Ishinga Amategeko - Parlement - Parliament (bicameral)

Principal parties
Liberal Party (PL); Rwandan Patriotic Front (FPR); Social Democratic Party (PSD).

Most recent elections
Presidential: 9 August 2010.

Paul Kagame (FPR) 93.1%; Jean Damascene Ntawukuriryayo (PSD) 5.2%; two other candidates.

Incumbent president Paul Kagame, the FPR leader, was re-elected in August 2010. Kagame had assumed interim presidential powers in March 2000, was appointed president by the Transitional National Assembly on 17 April 2000 and won a first directly elected term in August 2003.

Legislative: 16-18 September 2013 (Chamber of Deputies); 26 September 2011 (partial Senate elections).

Lower house (Chamber of Deputies): FPR 40 seats; PSD 9 seats; PL 4 seats; 27 reserved seats.

The FPR retained its overall majority in the Chamber of Deputies in the 2013 elections.

Composition of government
Pierre Damien Habumuremyi was replaced as prime minister on 23 July 2014 by Anastase Murekezi, hitherto public service and labour minister. Habumuremyi hed been prime minister since 7 October 2011, heading a broad unity cabinet, dominated by the FPR and its allies (the Centrist Democratic Party (PDC), the Idealist Democratic Party (PDI), the Socialist Party of Rwanda (PSR), the Democratic Union of the Rwandan People (UDPR) and the Party for Progress and Concord (PPC)) but also including the PSD, the PL and independents.
Murekezi announced a reshuffled cabinet on 24 July 2014.

Information sourced from

Chamber 1

Chamber Lower House (Chamber of Deputies)
No of Seats 80
No of Women 45
Date of Last Election 15 Sep 2008
Term 5 years
No of Parties 3

Chamber 2

Chamber Senate
No of Seats 26
No of Women 10
Date of Last Election
Term 8 years
No of Parties 0


Number of Departmental/Ministry Oversight Committees: 11
Number of Joint Committees (if bicameral): The joint Committees exist but are not permanent. Such a committee is put in place in case of a disagreement on the amendment of a certain bill between the two (2) Chambers of Parliament.
Names of House Management (such as Privileges or Procedure) Committees:


Are reports or recommendations from committees debated in the Chamber: Yes
Must Ministers provide substantive responses to committee reports/recommendations and, if so, what is the time limit for providing responses? Depends on the gravity of the problem or the importance of the report. A Minister can give explanations during the Committee meeting on the questions raised in a report or on the basis of the committee report and one of the Chambers can start an oversight activity/action.


Does Parliament or a committee have formal input into the formulation of the budget? Yes, where necessary, the committee on budget makes amendments to the budget.
What is the normal time between the presentation of the budget to Members and its passage by Parliament?

Committee staffing

How much Chamber and committee time is normally spent in scrutinizing the budget prior to passage? About 2 months
Number of Clerks to service committees: Each committee has one committee clerk and there is a pool of Legal Drafters and Advisors who assist the Committees.
Do committees have access to subject specialist researchers from parliamentary staff? Yes.
Do committees have access to funds to hire external subject specialist advisors? Yes, but on the approval of the Members of the Bureau.

Members of Parliament/Legislature

Name Position Address Title Contact Info
Donatille Mukabalisa Branch President Chamber of Deputies
B.P. 352
Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies P: (+250) 788306647
F: (+250) 252 583975
Jeanine Kambanda Branch Secretary Chamber of Deputies
B.P. 352
Clerk Chamber of Deputies P: (+250) 788306647
F: (+250) 252 583975